Infertility means you have spent a year having unprotected sex trying to get pregnant without success. If you're older than age 35, you should see a doctor for an evaluation after six months of trying without getting pregnant.
If you're older than age 40 and thinking about getting pregnant, talk with your ob/gyn as soon as possible about having an evaluation.
We understand that infertility can be scary. Trying to get pregnant while dealing with infertility takes time, money and care that insurance often doesn't cover. This is a big commitment. Your care team at USMD is always here to help you through the whole process.
Usually, infertility is a problem with ovulation (when a woman's egg leaves the ovary). Other factors can include your:
- Overall health
Your doctor will treat you based on the cause of your infertility. Treatments range from lifestyle changes, medication and possibly surgery.
Types of surgery include:
- Removal of polyps or fibroids in the uterus
- Repairing blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
- Treating endometriosis, a problem with the uterus often associated with infertility
Hormones are natural chemicals in the body that help it work. If your hormone levels aren't normal, it can affect your ovulation. Possible treatments include:
- Ovulation stimulation
- In vitro fertilization (IVF)
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
- Assisted reproductive technology (ART)
You can try a number of treatments. For certain treatments, your doctor may refer you to a fertility specialist.OR
This method uses drugs, such as clomiphene citrate and aromatase inhibitors, to help your ovaries release an egg. You'll need to keep a close eye on your cycle to help keep track of ovulation.OR
This is a series of shots to help your body start ovulating when other treatments have been unsuccessful. You will regularly come into the clinic for blood tests and ultrasound exams to help track follicle development.OR
IUI is when sperm is placed in the uterus at the time of ovulation, or as close as possible.OR
ART treats the eggs and the sperm to help prepare for fertilization. IVF combines sperm with an egg in a lab to create an embryo.
Once complete, your doctor places the embryo into your uterus or your surrogate's uterus. Your doctor will likely use ART and IVF together.OR